Puppy Care Advice
Waiting for a Friend!
Getting ready for that new puppy? Here are a few supplies that will help make the transition
easier on both you and your puppy.
Ideally, find the same food your puppy has been eating. We feed Purina Pro Plan Small Breed Puppy Formula to all our puppies. It is a complete and balanced diet specifically designed for puppies. Buying the same kind of food will help prevent your puppy from having tummy upsets. When you want to change diets, do it gradually-mixing progressively smaller quantities of your puppy's current food with progressively larger quantities of the new food. Do not use a soy based food such as puppy chow, it can make them sick as they have never had soy in their diet. The stress of moving a puppy can sometimes cause diarrhea but is easily solved by giving about ¼-½ tsp. of Kaopectate every four hours. We also recommend giving them a tbsp. twice a day of plain yogurt. They just love it and it will help to settle that tummy. If your puppy continues to experience nausea or diarrhea for more than 24 hours, contact your veterinarian.
Nuvet Vitamins are a must for our pups.
(see Products We Recommend page)
Your puppy will need two bowls, one for food and one for water. Ideally, they should be made of an easy-to-clean material, such as stainless steel.
COLLAR & LEAD
It's never too early for your puppy to get accustomed to wearing a collar. Once it's comfortable with the collar, you can try attaching the lead. When leash training, most times a harness is better suited.
Your puppy should have an identification tag, and wear it at all times. The tag should include the puppy's name, your address and phone number. We recommend AVID microchipping that can be done before you pick up your puppy. We charge $50.00 for the chip and implanting it and it is a wonderful way to protect your pet for life and is a nationwide service for you. This is a microchip implanted under your puppy's skin. That way, if your dog is ever lost, there's a way to find you, even if the collar is no longer on your dog. Vet clinics and animal shelters have scanners to read the chips so when found, they scan them and it shows the owners name and address. Ask us for more details about having your puppy done.
DOG CRATE OR CARRIER
If you buy a crate that's large enough to accommodate your dog when it's full grown, it should last a lifetime. A crate is not only a safe place to keep your puppy when you're away from home, but it can also be a refuge for your dog. Place blankets, towels or other soft and easy-to-launder materials on the bottom of the crate, then toss in a few toys as well. Leave the door open so your puppy can explore inside. Your puppy will begin to view the crate as a place of comfort and security, where it can retreat from household commotion or curious children. The crate is also a good tool for housebreaking. If you let your puppy outside directly before being placed in the cage for the night, then first thing in the morning, you are more likely to avoid soiling accidents at night. The crate will also make your dog more comfortable if it has to stay overnight at the veterinarian's office or in a boarding kennel.
BRUSH & COMB
Even if your puppy doesn't need a lot of grooming now, getting it accustomed to being brushed now will make it considerably easier when it's older. Love and respect your puppy. Keep him clean and well groomed. When shampooing, we just don't care for that mediciney smell of doggie shampoo. We prefer to use Isle of Dogs. This helps keep their hair and coat nice.
Your puppy will do a lot of chewing while cutting teeth, so be sure to give him a good supply of chew toys, and praise him for chewing on them. If he chews on something he isn't supposed to, tell him "no" and give him his chew toys. Pet stores are full of plush toys, hard rubber and nylon bones and other toys. Our puppies seem to prefer the plush toys with the squeaker in them. Just make sure that the toys are the appropriate size for your dog, and that there's nothing like buttons or snaps that can become detatched and swallowed. Avoid pig or cow hooves, since they can cause soft puppy teeth to break. Rawhide bones provide good abrasive action to help clean your puppy's teeth, but since large pieces can be swallowed, your puppy should never be allowed to chew them unsupervised. Our puppies very favorite treats are Greenies for Teenies (lite). Never give your puppy chicken, steak or pork bones because they can splinter and lead to choking.
NAIL TRIMMER & STIPTIC POWDER
Ask your veterinarian to show you how to trim your dog's nails. Again, the earlier you start with this grooming task, the more comfortable your dog will be with it later on. Stiptic powder can be used to stem bleeding it you trim a little too close to the blood supply in the nail. I know those "dog trimmers" can seem big and overbearing when put next to your tiny dachshund paw. We like to use "people fingernail" clippers on our puppies. As your puppy grows and his toenails get larger, you will have to switch to the larger pet trimmer but for now a pair of yours will do fine.
TOOTHBRUSH & CANINE TOOTHPASTE
Even though your puppy has milky-white teeth now, they won't always be that way. If you can make your puppy feel comfortable with tooth brushing now, you'll be in a better position to prevent dental problems in the years ahead.
MORE PUPPY CARE ADVICE:
Prevent accidents before they happen.
Before you bring your puppy home, remove or secure any objects that could be dangerous to your pet, or are too valuable to be broken. These include electrical cords, pins and needles, small objects (such as buttons) that can be swallowed, toxic plants and breakable items that can be easily knocked off tabletops.
If you have a fenced-in yard, close even small gaps in the fence, because puppies can be tremendous escape artists. Make sure to remove possible toxins from the yard and garage, including antifreeze and rat/mice bait.
Your New Family Member!
When you introduce a new member to your family, it takes time for everyone to get adjusted. Introducing a puppy is no different. Before you bring your puppy home, decide where it will sleep, and where it will be kept when no one is home. What's more, you should decide who will be responsible for feeding, exercising and cleaning up after your new pet. Discuss training with every member of your family, so that you will all deal with the puppy in a consistent way, and not send it mixed or confusing messages. A new puppy is like an infant. They require a lot of quiet rest time, in addition to exercise and playtime. Make sure he gets at least 30 minutes of exercise and playtime each day. Have your puppy spayed or neutered if you don't plan to breed him. Provide regular veterinary care (at least one visit per year).
Many things factor into what your puppy's mature weight will be from spaying, neuturing, parents weight/size and also the food and amount of food you feed as well as exercise. We cannot guarantee size, weight or conformation of your puppy with these things not being in our control. Our adults are miniatures unless otherwise noted. We cannot be held responsible for behavior or temperament as the upbringing of your puppy is your responsibility once in your care. Our puppies are very well socialized here with us with not only children and teenagers but also with other puppies, dogs and cats. These are areas in which you will want to continue their socialization as they mature. If you have any questions on ways to help your puppy please feel free to contact us.
Introducing your puppy to the Children.
In the first few months, all interactions between small children and puppies should be supervised - both for the safety of the children and the puppy. We have a toddler in our home so our puppies are already familiar with him and on their way to being well socialized, but you will need to continue this in your home. Teach children to be gentle and quiet when playing with the puppy. Children should understand that the puppy is not a toy, and they should not tease it, or grab at toys or food, because this could lead to a puppy with aggressive behavior, or worse, injury to your children.
Children should also be taught the proper way to hold a puppy, with one hand under the chest and the other supporting the rear end. Picking up puppies by their legs, tail or neck can cause serious bone or nerve damage to a puppy's tender body.
Your puppy should have a crate, or somewhere it can retreat from children and noise if necessary.
Finally, it's helpful if older children understand the training commands, or actively participate in training the puppy. Your new pet will learn to behave faster if it receives consistent treatment from everyone in your family.
Introducing your puppy to your dog or cat.
Although a new puppy is exciting to everyone in the family, make sure to give plenty of attention to your existing pet. Dogs and cats can feel threatened by the new arrival if they feel you are overprotective or overindulgent with the puppy.
A good place to make the first introduction is on neutral ground, away from your home. If your current pet meets the new puppy in a park, for example, it's less likely to feel protective of its territory. Place the puppy in a crate on the grass, and let your dog or cat sniff and explore the new arrival. Praise your dog or cat for staying calm, or being friendly towards the puppy.
Once your dog appears to be comfortable with the new puppy, place a leash on your dog and let the puppy out of the cage. That way, you can control your dog and prevent it from playing too roughly with the puppy. Again, praise positive behaviors.
Before making direct introductions with your cat, exercise your puppy so it's less rambunctious. Let it out of the cage in the same room with the cat. If your cat bats at the puppy a time or two, don't interfere-it's just your cat's way of letting your puppy know who's boss.
All meetings between your pets should be supervised until you're comfortable that the pets are amiable toward each other.
For the first few months, you should probably feed your puppy in a separate room from your dog or cat. This eliminates any fights over food, and it assures that your puppy gets the nutrition it needs.
Taking your puppy on the road.
If you plan on taking your puppy to the in-law's house, or camping by the river, it's important to accustom it to riding in your car early on. Start by taking it on short trips around the block, and slowly progress to longer trips. There are a few things to keep in mind when your puppy is in the car:
- Never leave your puppy unrestrained in the car. For your safety and your puppy's safety, it's best to keep it in a portable kennel.
- If your puppy salivates excessively or vomits, keep the window open so it can have plenty of fresh air. Eventually, it should outgrow its carsickness. If it doesn't, talk to your veterinarian about safe motion-sickness medications.
- Make sure your puppy has an opportunity to relieve itself before you hit the road
- Stop every two hours to let your puppy exercise and relieve itself. Bring a container of fresh water and a bowl
- Never leave your puppy in a parked car for long periods of time. Make sure you're parked in the shade, and the windows are slightly open.
- Even though dogs love to hang their heads out the car window, it's simply not safe.
If you're planning to take your puppy on an airplane, contact the airline well in advance. They will inform you of specific travel regulations, including the type of carrier that's appropriate, and health certificates that are required. If your puppy is the nervous type, consult your veterinarian about sedation. You should also look into the pet requirements at your destination. For example, many foreign countries require proof of vaccination and/or quarantine periods.
You can pick up your puppy from Splendor Farms when they are 10-11 weeks old. If this timing is not ideal for you, we can hold your puppy past 11 weeks for an additional fee. Please see our PUPPY APPLICATION for details. Splendor Farms does not place puppies or dogs in commercial airline cargos. We believe it traumatizes puppies to be put in the belly of a plane, where it is cold, dark, and loud. You will need to either meet us at the farm or fly to the New Orleans or Gulfport-Biloxi airport, where we will meet you at the airport terminal with your puppy when you arrive. Note that there is a $100.00 fee for airport delivery to cover the added time and gas. Please CONTACT US for details.